Agenda |

 

Conférences de Peter Auer

Du 5 au 20 mars 2014

Linguistique anthropologique et sociolinguistique

Conférences de Peter Auer

Professeur à l’Université de Fribourg et professeur invité à l’EHESS

 

Mercredi  5 mars, 11h-13h, salle 2 (105 bd Raspail)Dans le cadre du séminaire de Michel de Fornel

Sentences and their symbiotic guests: Structural latency and online syntax

Many turn construction units borrow their external syntactic structure from a structure activated beforehand, i.e. by a directly or indirectly preceding unit. Formulating the same issue in a time-sensitive way, i.e. from earlier to later utterances, we can say that all structural units activate syntactic patterns that remain available for use in a subsequent utterance for some time. This structural latencyopens up the possibility for next utterances to re-use these patterns without repeating them explicitly. This particular type of 'ellipsis' (often called analepsis) is the topic of this lecture.

 

Jeudi 6 mars, 11h-13h, salle 1 (105 bd Raspail)Dans le cadre du séminaire de Francis Zimmermann

Code-mixing and language fusion: when bilingual talk becomes monolingual

Discutante: Isabelle Léglise (CELIA-CNRS)

The aim of this paper is to look into the conventionalization of bilingual speech and into its long-term grammaticization in the structure of a language. More specifically, I will look into examples of how language fusion can emerge from code-mixing.  There seems to be growing agreement today that even extreme results of language fusion – so-called mixed languages – result from discourse-based mixing through regularization and conventionalization. Such a development is also compatible with the sociolinguistic embedding of language mixing at the discourse level and that of radically fused lects: In both cases, matters of group identity seem to be of utmost importance -- they are not a mere matter of interference and substrate influence after language acquisition or shift.

 

Mercredi 12 mars, 11h-13h, salle 2 (105 bd Raspail)Dans le cadre du séminaire de Michel de Fornel

Gaze and its employment for turn taking revisited

In film and video recordings done in the 1960-1980ies in which the analyst's perspective was that of an on-looker of the two interactants, the perspectives of the participants themselves were not directly documented. In addition, the resolution of the recordings in natural settings was not high enough to observe eye movement directly. The analysis therefore had to be based on inferences — mostly based on the analysis of head movements — which may be misleading. A new technology of eye tracking (mobile eye tracking glasses) has very recently been developed which makes it possible to observe participants' gaze directly. This lecture reports on first analyses with dual mobile eye-tracking technology in dyadic communication. Inter alia, I will discuss the following questions: — Where exactly do co-participants look when they look at the speaker? — Is it true that recipients have to look at speakers while speakers only have to establish eye contact when speaker shift is imminent? — Is gaze behaviour different in different verbal activities? — When exactly and for how long is eye contact possible and allowed without inviting inferences?

 

Mercredi 19 mars, 11h-13h, salle 2 (105 bd Raspail)Dans le cadre du séminaire de Michel de Fornel

Constructions: Emerging and emergent 

Séance–débat sur les Grammaires de construction

 

Jeudi 20 Mars, 11-13h, salle 1 (105 bd Raspail)Dans le cadre du séminaire de Francis Zimmermann

Standardization and diversification: Steps toward an urban sociolinguistics of German in the longue durée

On the basis of examples of phonological variation in German urban language varieties, this lecture will attempt to make the following points:

(a) Most of sociolinguistics and social dialectology have been concerned with form-oriented change and its spread across geographical space and a society, but we have been less successful in accounting for how linguistic variables are indexes of social groups and macro-categories.

(b) Investigating the meaning change in sociolinguistic variables implies looking at linguistic variables as social indexes and analysing multiple meanings that can be activated in different contexts at the same or at subsequent historical stages. A theory that can deal with this simultaneity is available if we combine Silverstein's notion of indexical order with Eckert's notion of social style and indexical field.

(c) The examples of form-related variation discussed in this lecture reach out into the past, sometimes into the distant past, but continue to be relevant in present times. In a way, they can be considered to be instances of an analysis in the longue durée transformed into a sociolinguistic context.

 

 

Peter Auer est Professeur de linguistique à l’Université de Freiburg im Breisgau, Allemagne. 

Ses publications portent notamment sur le bilinguisme et d’autres questions de sociolinguistique, l’analyse des interactions, la dialectologie, la syntaxe de la langue parlée, la phonologie et la prosodie.

Quelques unes de ses publications

Auer, Peter; Pfänder, Stefan, Eds. (2011). Constructions: Emerging and Emergent. Walter de Gruyter. 

Auer, Peter, Ed. (2007). Style and Social Identities: Alternative Approaches to Linguistic Heterogeneity. Walter de Gruyter.

Auer, Peter; Couper-Kuhlen, Elizabeth; Muller, Frank (1999). Language in Time: The Rhythm and Tempo of Spoken Interaction. Oxford University Press.

Auer, Peter, Ed. (1998). Code-Switching in Conversation: Language, Interaction and Identity. Routledge.

Auer, Peter; Di Luzio, Aldo, Eds. (1992). The Contextualization of Language. John Benjamins Publishing.

Auer, Peter, Ed. (1984). Bilingual Conversation. John Benjamins.

 

Contacts: Michel.De-Fornel@ehess.fr

EHESS
CNRS

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